Below are some key sector highlights from the BLS “The Employment Situation – December 2015" report:
PROFESSIONAL AND BUSINESS SERVICES
This sector saw a gain of 73,000 jobs in December, a boost from last month’s 27,000. While a few of the sub-sectors have seen declines, the top performing sub-sectors included: Employment services (+42,300), Administrative and support services (+57,600), and Temporary help services (+34,400).
This sector saw a gain of 4,300 jobs, a significant difference from November’s 30,700 job increase. Its biggest sub-sector gain was Motor vehicle and parts dealers with a gain of +9,600 jobs. Other notable gains include: Building material and garden supply stores (+8,500) and Miscellaneous store retailers (+9,000). Sub-sector losses include: Clothing and clothing accessories stores (-17,500) and General merchandise stores (-4,700).
The healthcare industry added 39,400 jobs in December. Over the past year this sector has seen strong growth, adding over half a million jobs in 2015. Two of its sub-sectors continue their own steady growth, including: ambulatory health care services with a significant increase of 23,400 jobs and Social Assistants adding 13,200 jobs. During the month of December, the healthcare industry experienced no losses in any of their segments.
LEISURE AND HOSPITALITY
The sector added 29,000 jobs, with nearly all growth attributed to accommodation and food services (+32,100). Arts, entertainment and recreation, which experienced a gain of 6,700 jobs in November, had a loss of -3,200 jobs in December.
This sector showed a gain of 8,000 jobs in December. Modest losses and gains were seen across the sector. Job gains include: Electric equipment and appliances (+2,100) and furniture and related products (+2,100). Job losses include: Durable goods (-6,000) and Machinery (-6,300).
TEMPORARY HELP SERVICES
After decline in November, losing 12,300 jobs, this sector experienced a gain in December, adding 34,400 jobs. Year-over-year, there are an additional 94,500 jobs in this sector.
Overall, regional and state unemployment rates saw little change in November. The employment rate decreased over the month in 27 states, while 11 states saw a higher employment rate, and 12 states had no change, including the District of Columbia. Year-over-year, 45 states and the District of Columbia have seen an increase in employment, with the following states boasting the top gains: Idaho (+4.2 percent), Utah (+3.6 percent), and Florida (+3.0 percent). The three states that have seen declines year-over-year are: North Dakota (-2.9 percent), West Virginia (-1.4 percent), and Wyoming (-0.7 percent).
The largest significant job gains in November 2015 were in Florida (+35,200), Texas (+16,300) and Virginia (+14,400). The largest month-over-month increase in percentage employed occurred in Vermont (+0.9 percent), followed by Idaho (+0.7 percent) and Delaware (+0.6 percent). The following states had the largest month-over-month decreases in employment: Nevada (-6,700), Wisconsin (-4,800), and Pennsylvania (-3,400). Largest percentage decreases were in the following states: Nevada (-0.5 percent), followed by Wyoming (-0.4 percent) and New Hampshire and North Dakota (-0.3 percent each).
Check out these key regional highlights from the BLS "Regional and State Employment and Unemployment – November 2015" report:
By the end of November, the Mid-Atlantic region – part of the Northeast division – showed an unemployment rate of 5.0 percent, remaining unchanged from October. New Jersey had the highest unemployment rate in this region at 5.3 percent, falling 0.1 percent month-over-month. The lowest unemployment rate in this region was New York at 4.8 percent, remaining unchanged from October. New York City also maintains 4.8 percent.
The New England region – part of the Northeast division – stayed constant at 4.6 percent. Connecticut and Rhode Island are the two states with higher unemployment rates at 5.1 and 5.2 percent, respectively. Vermont and New Hampshire have some of the lowest unemployment rates in the nation, both at 3.7 and 3.2 percent, respectively.
The Midwest division had the lowest unemployment rate at 4.6 percent the month of November. This division has two sub-regions:
- East North Central (5.0 percent)
- West North Central (3.9 percent)
The West North Central region had seven states with unemployment rates below 5.0 percent, including: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Minnesota. In fact, North Dakota had the lowest unemployment rate in the nation at just 2.7 percent; and the state in second place (Nebraska at 2.9 percent) is also in this region.
The East North Central region had three states with unemployment rates below 5.0 percent: Wisconsin, Indiana and Ohio. These states make up for the higher unemployment rates in the entire division: Illinois (5.7 percent) and Michigan (5.1 percent).
In the East North Central region, Michigan’s Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area unemployment rate came in at 5.9 percent. Since November of 2014, Michigan's unemployment rate has decreased 1.4 percent, and Detroit-Warren-Dearborn's rate has also fallen by 1.9 percent.
This region showed an unemployment rate of 5.2 percent. It is made up of the South Atlantic (5.3 percent unemployment), East South Central (5.7 percent unemployment) and the West South Central (4.8 percent unemployment) regions.
The West South Central region sits well below the national unemployment rate, while the South Atlantic and East South Central regions bring the South's overall unemployment rate up. Below are the states with the lowest and highest unemployment rates in each of this division's regions:
- West South Central: Oklahoma (4.2 percent) / Louisiana (6.3 percent)
- East South Central: Kentucky (4.9 percent) / Alabama and Mississippi (both at 6.0 percent)
- South Atlantic: Virginia (4.2 percent) / West Virginia (6.5 percent)
The West division continued to have the highest divisional unemployment rate in the country at 5.4 percent (down 0.1% from a month earlier). Year-over-year, the West's unemployment rate has dropped an entire percentage point from 6.4 in November 2014. This division is made up of the Mountain region (5.0) and Pacific region (5.6). Below are the states with the lowest and highest unemployment rates in each of this division's regions:
- Pacific: Hawaii (3.2 percent) / Alaska (6.4 percent)
- Mountain: Utah (3.5 percent) / New Mexico (6.8 percent)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale's unemployment rate dropped month-over-month from 6.1 to 5.9 percent, and improved significantly by 2.1 percent from one year ago. El Centro, Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., continue in their spots as the metro areas with the highest unemployment rates in the nation, though both improved. El Centro, Calif. is now at 20.4 percent (-2.3 percent month-over-month) and Yuma, Ariz.'s rate is 20.0 percent (-0.3 percent month-over-month). Despite being runner-up for highest unemployment rate, El Centro, still boasts the largest year-over-year unemployment rate decrease of -2.3 percent.
There is good news for the Western division. Logan, UT-ID, has the lowest unemployment rate in November of 2.6 percent.
STATE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
The list below shows each state's unemployment rate:
- Alabama – 6.0
- Alaska – 6.4
- Arizona – 6.0
- Arkansas – 5.0
- California – 5.7
- Colorado – 3.6
- Connecticut – 5.1
- Delaware – 5.1
- District of Columbia – 6.6
- Florida – 5.0
- Georgia – 5.6
- Hawaii – 3.2
- Idaho – 3.9
- Illinois – 5.7
- Indiana – 4.4
- Iowa – 3.4
- Kansas – 4.0
- Kentucky – 4.9
- Louisiana – 6.3
- Maine – 4.1
- Maryland –5.2
- Massachusetts – 4.7
- Michigan – 5.1
- Minnesota – 3.5
- Mississippi – 6.0
- Missouri – 4.7
- Montana – 4.0
- Nebraska – 2.9
- Nevada – 6.5
- New Hampshire – 3.2
- New Jersey – 5.3
- New Mexico – 6.8
- New York – 4.8
- North Carolina – 5.7
- North Dakota – 2.7
- Ohio – 4.5
- Oklahoma – 4.2
- Oregon – 5.7
- Pennsylvania – 5.0
- Rhode Island – 5.2
- South Carolina – 5.5
- South Dakota – 3.0
- Tennessee – 5.6
- Texas – 4.6
- Utah – 3.5
- Vermont –3.7
- Virginia – 4.2
- Washington – 5.3
- West Virginia – 6.5
- Wisconsin – 4.2
- Wyoming – 4.1